Effect of alfalfa and farm manure on yields of irrigated crops in the Great Plains by Stephen H. Hastings

Cover of: Effect of alfalfa and farm manure on yields of irrigated crops in the Great Plains | Stephen H. Hastings

Published by U.S. Dept. of Agriculture in Washington .

Written in English

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Subjects:

  • Crop rotation -- Great Plains.,
  • Farm manure -- Great Plains.

Edition Notes

Book details

Statementby Stephen H. Hastings.
SeriesTechnical bulletin / United States Department of Agriculture -- no. 483, Technical bulletin (United States. Dept. of Agriculture) -- no. 483.
ContributionsUnited States. Dept. of Agriculture.
The Physical Object
Pagination40 p. ;
Number of Pages40
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL23010936M

Download Effect of alfalfa and farm manure on yields of irrigated crops in the Great Plains

EFFECT OF ALFALFA AND FARM MANURE ON YIELDS OF IRRIGATED CROPS IN THE GREAT PLAINS By STEPHEN H. HASTINGS Principal agronomist, Division of Western Irrigation Agriculture, Bureau of Plant Industry CONTENTS Page Introduction I Description of the rotations-- 3 Cultural practices 5 Presentation of the data 6.

Effect of alfalfa and farm manure on yields of irrigated crops in the Great Plains. Washington: U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, (OCoLC) Material Type: Government publication, National government publication: Document Type: Book: All Authors / Contributors: Stephen H Hastings; United States.

Department of Agriculture. Effect of Alfalfa and Farm Manure on Yields of Irrigated Crops in the Great Plains. Hastings, Stephen H. Washington DC:: United States Department of Agriculture, September Effect of alfalfa and farm manure on yields of irrigated crops in the Great Plains [electronic resource].

Hastings, Stephen, "Effect of Alfalfa and Farm Manure on Yields of Irrigated Crops in the Great Plains," Technical BulletinsUnited States Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service. Handle: RePEc:ags:uerstb DOI: / Effect of Alfalfa and Farm Manure on Yields of Irrigated Crops in the Great Plains.

By Stephen H. Hastings. Abstract. Farm manure Great Plains, J Soil Fertility, Fertilizers, and Manures, agricultural management field crops.

Effect of alfalfa and farm manure on yields of irrigated crops in the Great Plains / By Stephen H. (Stephen Harold) Hastings. Abstract. Caption ture cited: p. Mode of access: Internet.

Irrigated alfalfa production is gaining interest because of the growing number of dairies in the semi-arid U.S. Central Great Plains and its longstanding superior profitability compared to other. The nitrogen in the manure will not directly hurt alfalfa, but it can stimulate grass competition in the forage stand, which will provide more yields but may reduce the life of the alfalfa stand because of the grass competition.

Dairy manure does not usually contain the correct ratio of phosphorus to potassium for alfalfa’s uptake rates. There are several publications that provide additional strategies to alfalfa irrigation, including these three: Soil-Moisture Monitoring: A Simple Method to Improve Alfalfa and Pasture Irrigation Management by the University of California, Davis.

Key Irrigation Management Practices for Alfalfa from the University of California, Davis. Production Requirements High-yielding alfalfa requires deep soils to store an abundant water supply for season-long growth.

High yield requires large quan - tities of water (from rainfall, water table, or irrigation). Alfalfa requires approximately 6 inches of water in the root zone for each ton of hay produced per acre per year. Alfalfa has a long taproot that pene-trates more deeply into the soil than crops such as corn or wheat which have more fibrous, shallow roots.

Under favorable conditions, alfalfa roots may penetrate over 20 feet deep. This great rooting depth gives alfalfa excellent drought tolerance. Sloping fields. The effect of alfalfa’s vegetative cover on runoff losses from fields that receive manure can be significant.

As shown by a west central Minnesota study, topdressing manure on alfalfa fields may constitute more of a pollution hazard than spreading manure on plowed corn ground (Table 3).

manure, both fresh and composted, on a production alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.) field was examined. Manure and compost were applied to a production alfalfa fi eld to determine the impact on alfalfa yield, soil nutrient content, and the potential for nitrate leaching.

A conventional “no nitrogen added” treatment. Alfalfa has a tremendous ability to produce maximum yield over a wide range of stand densities. However, stands gradually thin and the crop eventually needs to be rotated, no matter where you live. In the Midwest, the Northeast and in many areas where fields are irrigated, yields often begin to decline in the third year of production.

to the alfalfa and subsequent crops. If a boron deficiency is indicated, apply 1 pound of boron per acre. Boron fertilizer is often mixed and applied with other fertilizers because of the small amount needed. Do not apply boron near the seed. Test the irrigation water for boron content before its nutrient is applied to irrigated alfalfa.

s Hastings, S. effect of alfalfa and farm manure on yields of irrigated crops in the great plains. Dept. Agr. Tech. Bull. 40 pp.

SUGAR BEETS AT SCOTTS BLUFF Table 1. — Crop rotations in which sugar beets were grown, Scotts Bluff Field Station, Mitchell, Xebr. Agriculture is the main economic industry in central Montana.

Seeded forages, cereal grains and oilseed crops are economically important to central Montana and across the Northern Great Plains region. Maintaining and improving crop yield and quality is critical to the economic well being of central Montana and elsewhere. Seeded annual and perennial forages are a source of hay for winter feed.

Alfalfa Base de datos de todas episodio Alfalfa Estos datos libro es el mejor ranking. EPUB, libros electrónicos EBOOK, Adobe PDF, versión Moblile, ordenador portátil, teléfono inteligente es compatible con todas las herramientas que ♡ Alfalfa visitado hoy en ♡ certificado y suministrado tienen el potencial de aumentar sus conocimientos al leer diligentemente.

Maximum yield. Alfalfa - San Joaquin Valley. 30 35 40 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 Crop evapotranspiration (inches) Alfalfa yield (tons per acre) FIguRE Effect of seasonal evapotranspiration on alfalfa yield for the San Joaquin Valley of California (Grimes et al.

that is evaporated into the atmosphere as a result of producing a crop. Our research found that alfalfa and grass yields began to decline when manure solids exceeded tons/acre. Suffocation of plants and damage by salts, ammonia, and traffi c can be reduced by improving uniformity of application, using low to moderate rates, and growing salt- and traffi c-tolerant cultivars.

Alfalfa Production Guide for the Southern Great Plains Acknowledgments Special thanks go to the Oklahoma Alfalfa Hay and Seed Association and Agriculture Alfalfa Industry who provided advice, encouragement and financial support, and to the many alfalfa producers who supplied alfalfa fields for on-farm fiel d demonstrations and rese arch studies.

Catch crops and manure effects both slightly increased tuber dry matter yield from tones ha-1 to tones ha-1 in only, on the contrary dry matter yield was not. Manure on established alfalfa can increase yields. In this study, swine slurry (% dry matter) was surface-applied to alfalfa at four rates (0,and kg/ha/year) in and Manure was applied four times per year typically a few days after cutting.

Strategy A: Applying Manure Before Establishing Alfalfa Applying manure on land to be seeded to alfalfa is a relatively new approach.

It wasn’t recom-mended in the past because of potential ineffi-ciencies in the use of the nitrogen provided by the manure. Effect on Alfalfa Yields Several recent studies have examined the.

Compost and Manure Effects on Fertilized Corn Silage Yield and Nitrogen Uptake under Irrigation, Comparison of Nitrogen Fertilization Methods and Rates for Subsurface Drip Irrigated Corn in the Semi-Arid Great Plains, ; They are valuable for the receipts they provide directly to farms but also are excellent rotation crops for.

Dryland farming is frequently defined as crop production in areas with less than mm of annual precipitation, but this definition omits a critical component of the equation, evaporation potential. Operatively, dryland farming is practiced where annual potential water evaporation exceeds annual precipitation.

The example for the Central Great Plains of the United States in Fig. 1 illustrates. Growing Alfalfa in the South Garry Lacefield, Don Ball, Dennis Hancock, John Andrae and Ray Smith 1 Alfalfa, often called “The Queen of the Forages,” is one of the most widely grown crops in the United States and is one of the most important forage crops in the world.

Field studies with two types of alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.) cultivars were conducted at Lethbridge in and and at Picture Butte in to determine the effects of irrigation on the dry matter (DM) yield and on net irrigated cultivars (Longview and Blue J) and dryland cultivars (Rangelander and Rambler) were arranged on plots in a randomized complete block design.

Precision irrigation for field crops & vegetables farms. You’re trying to keep a delicate balance between smart risk-management and optimal crop growth. That’s the challenge of field crops agriculture. You need a solution that makes the best use of your land, time and resources, while guaranteeing consistent results in the field.

First, set a grazing plan in motion for your livestock on rangeland and irrigated pastures. Second, evaluate the forage quality and quantity of your irrigated pastures.

Adding a legume or legumes to irrigated grass pasture raises plant yield — and the nutrition value for your livestock. 3. Has Most Beef-Production Potential. The combination of the first two factors – high yield and high quality – can result in the highest beef cattle gains.

“In research trials and on-farm demonstrations, we have seen total season gains of pounds to pounds per acre of alfalfa pastures and over 2 pounds per head per day,” says. Alfalfa/Hay: Discuss alfalfa, orchard grass, timothy, legumes, teff, and other forage here.

Round bales, square bales, and haylage. Long-Term Impacts of Manure Application on Production of Wheat and Other Crops Long-Term Oil Seed Production Influence Soil Quality and Carbon Content in Dryland Cropping System Long-Term Soil and Crop Management can be Used to Adapt to Climate Change by Increasing Soil Health, Nitrogen Use Efficiency, and Productivity.

Progress 11/28/06 to 09/30/11 Outputs Progress Report Objectives (from AD) 1) Develop improved management strategies for enhancing nutrient use efficiencies to produce crops on irrigated land.

2) Develop management practices to effectively and efficiently use amendments in irrigated systems. Polyacrylamide (PAM), biopolymers, surfactants, alum, etc. The use of annual legume green-manure crops as a substitute for summerfallow in the Peace River region.

Canadian Journal of Soil Science Rick, T.L., C.A. Jones, R.E. Engel and P.R. Miller. Green manure and phosphate rock effects on phosphorus availability in a northern Great Plains dryland organic cropping system. The advantages of top-dressing manure on established alfalfa stands of course include creating another window for application, and it may increase yield, but there are some challenges to consider.

There is possible stand damage and yield loss from spreader traffic and manure. Alfalfa Production. Steve B. Orloff. Farm Advisor, University of California Cooperative Extension, Yreka, CA. ost of the agricultural areas of the arid Southwest. are well suited for alfalfa production. Because of the nearly ideal climate and soils in many southwestern areas, the alfalfa yield potential is greater than in any other.

The history of American agriculture (–) covers the period from the first English settlers to the modern day. Below are detailed timelines covering farm machinery and technology, transportation, life on the farm, farmers and the land, and crops and livestock.

In Nebraska the yield boost attributed to irrigation between and ranged from 10% for sorghum in to % for corn grown in (Table 1.) Corn wheat and alfalfa exhibited the greatest response to irrigation while sorghum and soybeans had a lower positive response. The high productivity of irrigated agriculture allows fewer acres.

Alfalfa Evapotranspiration and Yield Like most forage crops, alfalfa will respond to in-creasing evapotranspiration (ET) by increasing bio - mass yield. As expected, the yield response to ET is positive and linear. Figure 1 was produced from a review of nine studies of alfalfa under variable irrigation, which were conducted across the Great.Alfalfa can be relay seeded, or planted into an established crop, with cash crops in areas with sufficient soil moisture, allowing the establishment of an alfalfa green manure production without the loss of a cash crop.

Underseeding, or planting alfalfa with or shortly after grain planting, can also be successful.The effect of manure and N rates on corn yield and salt and nitrate movement in the soil under furrow and drip irrigation in the Arkansas River Valley.

p. In A.J. Schelegel (ed.) Great Plains Soil Fertility Conference Proceedings, vol. 11, March, Denver, CO.

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